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Nutr Health. 2017 Dec;23(4):215-222. doi: 10.1177/0260106017737014. Epub 2017 Oct 16.

Pre-season dietary intake of professional soccer players.

Author information

1
1 Department of Food and Experimental Nutrition, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of São Paulo, Brazil.
2
2 Faculty of Physical Education, Federal University of Mato Grosso, Brazil.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Despite the well-documented importance of nutrition in optimizing performance and health, the dietary intake of soccer players has attracted little attention.

AIM:

We aimed to assess the pre-season dietary intake of professional soccer players and its adequacy in macro and micronutrients.

METHODS:

The pre-season dietary intake of 19 male athletes was assessed using a semi-structured 3-day food record. To determine dietary adequacy and excess, energy and macronutrient intake were compared with the Brazilian dietary reference values for athletes, and micronutrients were compared with the Estimated Average Requirement - EAR (minimum recommendation) and Tolerable Upper Intake Level - UL (maximum recommendation).

RESULTS:

Mean daily energy intake (40.74±12.81 kcal/kg) was adequate. However, there was a low carbohydrate intake (5.44±1.86 g/kg/day) and a high amount of protein and fat (1.91±0.75 and 1.27±0.50 g/kg/day, respectively). Sodium intake (3141.77±939.76 mg/day) was higher than UL (2300 mg/day), while the majority of players showed daily intake of vitamin A (74%), vitamin D (100%), folate (58%), calcium and magnesium (68%) below the EAR (625, 10 and 320 µg/day, 800 and 330 mg/day, respectively).

CONCLUSION:

The dietary intake of professional soccer players was adequate in energy, but inadequate in macro and micronutrients, which suggests the need to improve nutritional practices to sustain the physical demands of soccer during pre-season.

KEYWORDS:

Dietary intake; athletes; nutrients; nutrition; soccer

PMID:
29037118
DOI:
10.1177/0260106017737014
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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