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J Exerc Nutrition Biochem. 2017 Sep 30;21(3):55-61. doi: 10.20463/jenb.2017.0027.

The role of glycation in the pathogenesis of aging and its prevention through herbal products and physical exercise.

Author information

1
Korean Medicine Convergence Research Division, Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine, Daejeon, Republic of Korea.
2
Department of Sports Leadership, Kwangwoon University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
3
Department of Oral Pathology, School of Dentistry, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are non-enzymatic modifications of proteins or lipids after exposure to sugars. In this review, the glycation process and AGEs are introduced, and the harmful effects of AGEs in the aging process are discussed.

METHODS:

Results from human and animal studies examining the mechanisms and effects of AGEs are considered. In addition, publications addressing means to attenuate glycation stress through AGE inhibitors or physical exercise are reviewed.

RESULTS:

AGEs form in hyperglycemic conditions and/or the natural process of aging. Numerous publications have demonstrated acceleration of the aging process by AGEs. Exogenous AGEs in dietary foods also trigger organ dysfunction and tissue aging. Various herbal supplements or regular physical exercise have beneficial effects on glycemic control and oxidative stress with a consequent reduction of AGE accumulation during aging.

CONCLUSION:

The inhibition of AGE formation and accumulation in tissues can lead to an increase in lifespan.

KEYWORDS:

Advanced glycation end products; Aging; Glycation; Herbal products; Physical exercise

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