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Europace. 2018 Jun 1;20(FI1):f72-f76. doi: 10.1093/europace/eux198.

Feasibility evaluation of long-term use of beta-blockers and calcium antagonists in patients with Brugada syndrome.

Author information

1
Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, 5-7-1 Fujishiro-dai, Suita, Osaka 565-8565, Japan.
2
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Nippon Medical School, 1-1-5, Sendagi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8602, Japan.

Abstract

Aims:

Beta-blockers (BBs) and calcium antagonists (CAs) are reported to aggravate ST-segment elevation in some patients with Brugada syndrome (BrS). The feasibility of their long-term use in BrS still remains unknown. We investigated the safety of long-term use of BB and CA in BrS patients.

Methods and results:

Of the 360 consecutive BrS patients, 29 [5: a history of ventricular fibrillation (VF), 17: syncope, 7: asymptomatic] took BB and/or CA (BB: 22, CA: 8) for more than 1 year for the treatment of co-morbidities such as atrial tachyarrhythmia, vasospastic angina, and neurally mediated syncope. The electrocardiographic changes and clinical outcome after the treatment were evaluated. Eleven patients showed type 1 electrocardiogram (ECG) at baseline. BBs and CAs were used within normal dosage range in all patients. After starting a BB and/or CA, type 1 ECG was still observed in 9 patients. There were no significant differences in the ECG parameters such as the amplitude of J-point, QRS duration, and corrected QT intervals before and after starting BB and/or CA. During follow-up of 89 ± 65 months after initiation of the drugs, 1 patient experienced a VF recurrence without significant changes of ECG parameters 2 years after BB therapy was started.

Conclusion:

Long-term intake of BB or CA within normal dosage range was not associated with the aggravation of ECG parameters and clinical outcome in patients with BrS. The use of BBs and CAs is acceptable under careful observation.

PMID:
29036457
DOI:
10.1093/europace/eux198
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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