Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Psychiatry Res. 2018 Jan;259:104-109. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2017.09.075. Epub 2017 Sep 28.

Adherence to a Dash-style diet in relation to depression and aggression in adolescent girls.

Author information

1
Student Research Committee, Department of Nutrition, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
2
Community Medicine, Community Medicine Department, Medical School, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran.
3
Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, International College, University of Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing, China; Key State Laboratory of Molecular Developmental Biology, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.
4
Cardiovascular Research Center, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran; Department of Oncology, Division of Palliative Care Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.
5
Brighton & Sussex Medical School, Division of Medical Education, Falmer, Brighton, Sussex BN1 9PH, UK.
6
Department of Psychiatry, Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran. Electronic address: Mohararif1@mums.ac.ir.
7
Department of Modern Sciences and Technologies, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran; Metabolic Syndrome Research Center, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran. Electronic address: ghayourm@mums.ac.ir.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess adherence to the Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (DASH) dietary pattern in relation to depression and aggression in adolescent girls. The study was carried out among 580 girls aged between 12 and 18 years of age. DASH scores were determined according to the method of Fung et al. A Persian version of the Beck Depression Inventory and Buss-Perry questionnaire were used for the assessment of depression and aggression. We analysed our data using crude and adjusted models. Adjustments were made for age, energy intake, mother's job status, passive smoking, start of menstruation, parental death, parental divorce, physical activity level and body mass index, using three different models. A high adherence to a Dash-style diet (for individuals in the upper quartile) was associated with a lower odds of depression compared with subjects with lower adherence (those in the lowest quartile) (OR 0.47; 95% CI 0.26-0.84, P-value = 0.009); these associations remained significant after adjustments. However, we did not obtain any significant relationship between a DASH-style diet and aggression. We observed a significant inverse relationship between greater adherence to a DASH diet and lower odds of depression. Further prospective studies are needed to confirm these findings.

KEYWORDS:

Aggression; DASH; Depression; Diet; Psychological health

PMID:
29035758
DOI:
10.1016/j.psychres.2017.09.075
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center