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Int J Occup Environ Health. 2017 Jan;23(1):25-39. doi: 10.1080/10773525.2017.1386385. Epub 2017 Oct 16.

Employee health-relevant personality traits are associated with the psychosocial work environment and leadership.

Villaume K1,2,3, Hasson D1,2,3.

Author information

1
a Medical Management Centre, Department Learning Informatics Management and Ethics , Karolinska Institutet , Stockholm , Sweden.
2
b Stress Clinic (Stiftelsen Stressmottagningen) , Stockholm , Sweden.
3
c Mayo Clinic , Scottsdale , AZ , USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Little is known about personality in relation to assessments of the psychosocial work environment and leadership. Therefore the objective of this study is to explore possible associations and differences in mean values between employee health-relevant personality traits and assessments of the psychosocial work environment and leadership behaviors.

METHODS:

754 survey responses from ten organizations were selected from a large-scale intervention study. The Health-relevant Personality 5 inventory was used to assess personality. Five dimensions of the psychosocial work environment were assessed with 38 items from the QPSNordic and 6 items from the Developmental Leadership Questionnaire were used to assess leadership behavior.

RESULTS:

Positive correlations were found between Hedonic capacity (facet of Extraversion) and perceptions of the psychosocial work environment and leadership behavior. Negative correlations were found for Negative affectivity (facet of Neuroticism), Antagonism (facet of Agreeableness), Impulsivity (facet of Conscientiousness) and Alexithymia (facet of Openness). There were also significant differences in mean values of all work environment indicators between levels of health-relevant personality traits. Those with higher levels of hedonic capacity had higher (better) perceptions compared to those with lower levels. Those with higher levels of negative affectivity had lower (worse) perceptions compared to those with lower levels.

CONCLUSIONS:

The findings show a clear association between employee health-relevant personality traits and assessments of the psychosocial work environment and leadership behavior. Personality can be important to take into consideration for leaders when interpreting survey results and when designing organizational interventions.

KEYWORDS:

Personality; leadership; psychosocial work environment

PMID:
29035168
PMCID:
PMC6060842
DOI:
10.1080/10773525.2017.1386385
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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