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Cancer Sci. 2018 Jan;109(1):94-102. doi: 10.1111/cas.13425. Epub 2017 Nov 18.

Ursolic acid enhances the therapeutic effects of oxaliplatin in colorectal cancer by inhibition of drug resistance.

Author information

1
Department of Endoscopy Surgery, Wuxi People's Hospital, Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University, Wuxi, China.

Abstract

It has been reported that ursolic acid has anti-tumor activity and it enhances the therapeutic effect of oxaliplatin in colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the underlying mechanisms remain unknown. In the present study, the mechanisms of the enhancement of therapeutic effects through use of ursolic acid were investigated. We treated CRC cell lines HCT8 and SW480 with ursolic acid and oxaliplatin and monitored the effects on cell proliferation, apoptosis, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and drug resistance gene production. We discovered that treatment with a combination of ursolic acid and oxaliplatin resulted in significant inhibition of cell proliferation, significantly increased apoptosis and ROS production, and significant inhibition of drug resistance gene expression. Our study provided evidence that ursolic acid enhances the therapeutic effects of oxaliplatin in colorectal cancer by ROS-mediated inhibition of drug resistance.

KEYWORDS:

colorectal cancer; drug resistance; proliferation; reactive oxygen species; ursolic acid

PMID:
29034540
PMCID:
PMC5765292
DOI:
10.1111/cas.13425
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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