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J Biol Chem. 1988 Nov 15;263(32):16880-5.

Properties of chloroplast F1-ATPase partially modified by 2-azido adenine nucleotides, including demonstration of three catalytic pathways.

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  • 1Molecular Biology Institute, University of California, Los Angeles 90024-1570.


Previous investigations on the distribution of [18O]Pi isotopomers formed by hydrolysis of [gamma-18O]ATP by the chloroplast F1-ATPase (CF1) showed that a single reaction pathway is used by all participating sites and that the pathway is modulated by ATP concentration as expected for cooperative interactions between catalytic sites. Such oxygen exchange measurements have been applied to CF1 modified at a single catalytic or noncatalytic site by 2-azido adenine nucleotides. When less than one catalytic or one noncatalytic site per enzyme is modified, hydrolysis occurs in part by the pathway of the unmodified enzyme plus at least one additional pathway at 200 microM and two additional pathways at 4 microM [gamma-18O]ATP. Thus, three sites are potentially catalytically active. The two new pathways shown by the derivatized enzyme logically can arise from nonidentical interactions of the remaining two underivatized beta subunits with the derivatized beta subunit. Reversals of bound ATP cleavage before Pi is released are increased, and the amount of product formed by the new pathways is changed when the ATP concentration is lowered. These modulations must result from the behavior of two remaining active catalytic sites rather than of one catalytic and one regulatory site. When the CF1 is derivatized more extensively, the original catalytic pathway is lost, and two catalytic pathways that do not show modulation by ATP concentration are found. The remaining beta subunits now have weak but independent catalytic capacity. In addition, the enzyme is no longer activated by Ca2+, loses MgGTPase activity, and is much less sensitive to azide.

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