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Biomed Biochim Acta. 1988;47(2):115-23.

On the specificity of a cysteine proteinase from Entamoeba histolytica.

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Universität Osnabrück, Fachbereich Biologie/Chemie, F.R.G.


A cysteine proteinase has been isolated from the virulent strain HM1:IMSS of Entamoeba histolytica by two gel chromatography steps, ion exchange chromatography on DEAE-cellulose and affinity chromatography on organomercurial-Sepharose. The purified proteinase was homogeneous, as judged by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in the presence and in the absence of sodium dodecyl sulphate, and was a monomeric protein with a relative molecular mass of Mr 27000 +/- 2000 possessing an N-terminal alanine. The enzyme was inhibited by natural and synthetic inhibitors against cysteine proteinases. Split experiments employing blocked and unblocked peptide analogues with -2-naphthylamide moieties indicate that the cleavability was enhanced by the presence of basic residues, such as arginine or lysine, near the acyl end of the substrate. With unblocked tetrapeptides as substrates, exopeptidase activity of the amebic enzyme required an arginine at the P2-position, lysine could not substitute for arginine. The protease was able to digest native collagen type I, with an initial attack at the alpha 2-chain of the molecule.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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