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Eur J Public Health. 2017 Oct 1;27(suppl_4):18-21. doi: 10.1093/eurpub/ckx167.

Austerity and health: the impact in the UK and Europe.

Author information

1
Dondena Research Centre, University of Bocconi, Milan Italy.
2
Department of Sociology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.
3
Department of Social Inequality, London School of Economics, London, UK.
4
Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, UK.

Abstract

Austerity measures-reducing social spending and increasing taxation-hurts deprived groups the most. Less is known about the impact on health. In this short review, we evaluate the evidence of austerity's impact on health, through two main mechanisms: a 'social risk effect' of increasing unemployment, poverty, homelessness and other socio-economic risk factors (indirect), and a 'healthcare effect' through cuts to healthcare services, as well as reductions in health coverage and restricting access to care (direct). We distinguish those impacts of economic crises from those of austerity as a response to it. Where possible, data from across Europe will be drawn upon, as well as more extensive analysis of the UK's austerity measures performed by the authors of this review.

PMID:
29028245
PMCID:
PMC5881725
DOI:
10.1093/eurpub/ckx167
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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