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J Family Med Prim Care. 2017 Jan-Mar;6(1):106-109. doi: 10.4103/2249-4863.214977.

Etiological and clinicopathological study of secondary small vessel vasculitis in elderly: A case series of 12 patients.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, Christian Medical College and Hospital, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India.
2
Department of Dermatology, Christian Medical College and Hospital, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India.
3
Department of Geriatrics, Christian Medical College and Hospital, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Inflammation involving the postcapillary venular wall is defined as small vessel vasculitis. Small vessel vasculitis has various clinical manifestations. Etiologically, it can be primary or secondary. Literature regarding secondary vasculitis in elderly is scanty.

AIM AND OBJECTIVES:

In this case series, we aimed to assess the clinical features and etiologies of biopsy-proven secondary small vessel vasculitis in the elderly.

METHODOLOGY:

Twelve elderly patients with biopsy-proven small vessel vasculitis were included in this study. All patients were thoroughly evaluated to assess the etiology and presence of major organ involvement.

RESULTS:

Secondary small vessel vasculitis involved both the sexes equally. Constitutional symptoms including fever and weight loss were noticed by most of the (70%) patients. Neurological deficits were present in 83% of the study population. The most common finding in an electromyographic examination was an asymmetric sensory motor distal predominant polyradiculopathy. Fifty percent of the patients did fulfill the criteria for a definite autoimmune disease. More than 30% of the vasculitis was secondary to malignancies.

CONCLUSIONS:

Neurological manifestations are the most common systemic involvement in elderly patients with secondary vasculitis. Meticulous search for underlying malignancies is mandatory in elderly patients with secondary small vessel vasculitis.

KEYWORDS:

Elderly; malignancy; neuropathy; secondary; vasculitis

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