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J Family Med Prim Care. 2017 Jan-Mar;6(1):88-92. doi: 10.4103/2249-4863.214982.

Gynecological complaints and their associated factors among women in a family health-care clinic.

Author information

Federal District Health Department, University of Brasilia, Brasilia, Brazil.
Department of Tropical Medicine, University of Brasilia, Brasilia, Brazil.
Laboratory of Parasitology and Biology of Vectors of Faculty of Medicine, University of Brasilia, Brasilia, Brazil.



The aim of this study was to describe the most common gynecological complaints and possible associated factors among women of reproductive age attended at a family health-care clinic.


A transversal study conducted with a sample of an outpatient population consisting of women of reproductive age. Pregnant women and minors were excluded. The final sample consisted of women between 18 and 49 years of age. The participants answered a questionnaire in which the complaints of the last 4 weeks were registered. They were examined, had the vaginal pH assessed, and secretion was tested using a 10% potassium hydroxide solution to verify the presence of amine odor (whiff test).


Most participants were black or of mixed races. Considering the frequency of complaints, there were no significant differences between white and nonwhite women. There was an association between vaginal pH and discharge complaints as well as unpleasant odor, positive test of amines, smoking, and performing vaginal douches.


Vaginal complaints were common among participants; the practice of vaginal douches was also frequent and was associated with higher pH values. The use of hormonal contraceptives was associated with lower pH values. There was no significant association between condom use and gynecological complaints, vaginal pH, or the whiff test.


Female genitalia; vaginal discharge; vaginal diseases; vaginal douching

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