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AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2017 Dec;38(12):2277-2281. doi: 10.3174/ajnr.A5401. Epub 2017 Oct 12.

Necessary Catheter Diameters for Mechanical Thrombectomy with ADAPT.

Author information

1
From the Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology (O.N., M.W.), University Hospital, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany onikoubashman@ukaachen.de.
2
Institute of Physics (A.N.), Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Mainz, Germany.
3
Institute of Applied Medical Engineering (M.B.), RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany.
4
From the Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology (O.N., M.W.), University Hospital, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

Large-bore catheters allow mechanical thrombectomy in ischemic stroke by engaging and retrieving clots without additional devices (direct aspiration first-pass technique [ADAPT]). The purpose of this study was to establish a model for minimal catheter diameters needed for ADAPT.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

We established a theoretic model for the calculation of minimal catheter diameters needed for ADAPT. We then verified its validity in 28 ADAPT maneuvers in a porcine in vivo model. To account for different mechanical thrombectomy techniques, we factored in ADAPT with/without a hypothetic 0.021-inch microcatheter or 0.014-inch microwire inside the lumen of the aspiration catheter and aspiration with a 60-mL syringe versus an aspiration pump.

RESULTS:

According to our calculations, catheters with an inner diameter of >0.040 inch and >0.064 inch, respectively, are needed to be effective in the middle cerebral artery (2.5-mm diameter) or in the internal carotid artery (4 mm) in an average patient. There was a significant correlation between predicted and actual thrombectomy results (P = .010). Our theoretic model had a positive and negative predictive value of 78% and 79%, respectively. Sensitivity and specificity were 88% and 64%, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our theoretic model allows estimating the minimal catheter diameters needed for successful mechanical thrombectomy with ADAPT, as demonstrated by the good agreement with our animal experiments. Our model will be helpful to interventionalists in avoiding selecting catheters that are likely too small to be effective.

PMID:
29025728
DOI:
10.3174/ajnr.A5401
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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