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Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2017 Oct;234(10):1228-1234. doi: 10.1055/s-0043-118831. Epub 2017 Oct 12.

[The Motor Development of Children with Infantile Esotropia].

[Article in German; Abstract available in German from the publisher]

Author information

Entwicklungspsychologie, Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen.
Klinik und Poliklinik für Augenheilkunde, Universitätsklinikum Gießen und Marburg GmbH, Standort Gießen.


in English, German

Background Until now, many studies have investigated the link between motor development and visual-spatial abilities in infancy and childhood. Most of these studies found evidence that there is such a link in typically developing children or children with locomotor delay. Only a few studies have tested the consequences of this link in children with abnormal visual development because of infantile esotropia. Moreover, little is known about the effects of late surgery on motor development. Patients and Methods We assessed the motor abilities of 3- to 7-year old children with severe deficits in stereopsis due to infantile esotropia (angle ≥ 12°) and typically developing children prior to and 12 to 16 months after surgery. We used the Movement Assessment Battery for Children (Movement ABC-2). Results Prior to and one year after surgery, the strabismic children showed significantly lower global motor scores than normal children. Moreover, in the strabismic children, we found significant differences relative to the healthy children in the subscales assessing manual dexterity and balance prior to and significant differences in the subscales assessing manual dexterity and ball skills after surgery. Overall, the strabismic group did not demonstrate improvements in motor development after surgery. However, the children with a positive Bagolini striated glass test following surgery performed better in the subscale assessing balance than children with a negative Bagolini striated glass test. Conclusions Motor skills were poorer in children with infantile esotropia, both prior to and following surgery. Moreover, the children with improved binocular vision after surgery demonstrated better balance skills. Possible explanations and practical implications are discussed.


Conflict of interest statement

Interessenkonflikt: Die Autoren geben an, dass kein Interessenkonflikt besteht.

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