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Pak J Biol Sci. 2017;20(1):12-19. doi: 10.3923/pjbs.2017.12.19.

Bio-controlling Effect of Leaf Extract of Tagetes patula L. (Marigold) on Growth Parameters and Diseases of Tomato.

Author information

1
KIIT School of Biotechnology, KIIT Un iversity, 751024 Bhubaneswar, Odisha, Indi.
2
B.J.B (A) College, 751014 Bhub aneswar, Odisha, India.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The genus Tagetes (Asteraceae) is native to Americas but some of its members (in particular T. erecta and T. patula) commonly known as marigolds were naturalized in the old world (India, North Africa and Europe) as early as in 16th century. The flowers of French marigold (Tagetes patula L.) are widely used in folk medicine, in particular for treating inflammation-related disorders.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

This study investigated the potential use of marigold (Tagetes patula L.) flower aqueous flower extract by spaying method on tomato plants on a weekly basis and the data of growth, yield and disease of tomato pants were observed from 10th day onwards under field condition.

RESULTS:

The marigold flower extract showed significant increase in shoot height, number of branches, number of leaves, number of buds, number of flowers and number of fruits of tomato plant, while significant reduction in various diseases of tomato plants over control at probability level ***p<0.001. The percentage of reduction of disease was calculated after the spray of marigold flower aqueous extract on plants. The marigold flower extract was found effectively in controlling canker (62.82%), early blight (61.53%), wilt (18.42%), fruit spot (27.41%), blossom end rot (50.43%) and sun scald (26.44%) in comparison to controls under field condition.

CONCLUSION:

The findings are in line with the bio-controlling properties of marigold preparations as bio-pesticide confirmed in growth and yield of tomato plants. Thus, marigold can contribute in reducing use of chemical pesticides and act as a good alternative to synthetic pesticides.

KEYWORDS:

Bio-pesticide; diseasesgrowth parameters; growth parametersmarigold extract; tomato

PMID:
29023010
DOI:
10.3923/pjbs.2017.12.19
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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