Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2017 Dec;363(3):402-410. doi: 10.1124/jpet.117.244459. Epub 2017 Oct 11.

Sustained Activation of Guanylate Cyclase-A with TDT, a Natriuretic Peptide Derivative, Exhibits Cardiorenal Protection in Dahl Salt-Sensitive Hypertensive Rats.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Clinical Science and Biomedicine, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Osaka University, Osaka, Japan (S.O., M.O., Y.F.); End-Organ Disease Laboratories (S.O., Y.H., T.H.), Rare Disease & LCM Laboratories (T.N.), and Research Function (N.S.), Daiichi Sankyo Co., Ltd, Tokyo, Japan fujio@phs.osaka-u.ac.jp oishi.shohei.pr@daiichisankyo.co.jp.
2
Laboratory of Clinical Science and Biomedicine, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Osaka University, Osaka, Japan (S.O., M.O., Y.F.); End-Organ Disease Laboratories (S.O., Y.H., T.H.), Rare Disease & LCM Laboratories (T.N.), and Research Function (N.S.), Daiichi Sankyo Co., Ltd, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

Heart failure often presents with prognosis-relevant impaired renal function. To investigate whether the chronic activation of guanylate cyclase-A (GC-A) protects both heart and kidney, we examined the effects of TDT, a neprilysin (NEP)-resistant natriuretic peptide (NP) derivative, on cardiac and renal dysfunction in Dahl salt-sensitive hypertensive (DS) rats. Pretreatment with NEP or NEP inhibitor did not influence GC-A activation by TDT both in vitro and in vivo, resulting in a long-acting profile of TDT compared with native human atrial NP (hANP). The repeated administration of TDT to DS rats suppressed the progress of cardiac hypertrophy, systolic/diastolic dysfunction, and proteinuria in a dose-dependent manner. Compared with vehicle and hANP, salt diet-induced podocyte injury was reduced by TDT, as analyzed by urinary podocalyxin concentration, renal expression of nephrin mRNA, and glomerular expression of desmin protein. Since glomerular TRPC6 plays detrimental roles in podocyte homeostasis, we examined the renal expression of TRPC6 in DS rats and found that salt diet upregulated the expression of TRPC6. Importantly, TRPC6 induction was significantly decreased in TDT-treated rats, compared with vehicle and hANP. Consistently, in primary-culture podocytes from DS rats, TDT inhibited ATP-induced calcium influx, similar to TRPC inhibitor SKF96365. Finally, TDT-mediated protection of podocytes was abolished by protein kinase G inhibitor KT5823. In conclusion, TDT treatment attenuated heart and kidney dysfunction, accompanied by podocyte protection through inhibition of TRPC6. Thus, long-acting NPs could be a new avenue for treatment of heart failure.

PMID:
29021382
DOI:
10.1124/jpet.117.244459
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire
Loading ...
Support Center