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Surg Technol Int. 2017 Oct 12;31:197-200.

Patient Factors Associated with Shorter Length of Stay Following Total Hip Arthroplasty-A Retrospective Cohort Study.

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NHS Lothian, Edinburgh, United Kingdom.
Trauma & Orthopaedics, NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde, Glasgow, United Kingdom.
Department of Orthopaedics, Golden Jubilee National Hospital, Clydebank, United Kingdom.



Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is an increasingly common procedure in the United Kingdom and incurs vast costs, with a mean length of stay (LOS) of 5.5 days. Reducing LOS plays a key role in improving cost-effectiveness, morbidity, and patient satisfaction following many orthopaedic procedures. The aim of this study was to identify attributes in patients with the shortest LOS following THA, with a view to targeting those with the potential for early discharge.


1280 THA cases over one year at one institution were reviewed in a retrospective case note study. Of these, 131 patients had LOS=2 days. Various factors (age, gender, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score, primary diagnosis, body mass index (BMI), socio-economic status) were compared between this group and the rest of the cohort. Further characteristics of the short LOS group were also explored to identify trends for future study.


Lower age, male gender, and low ASA grade were significantly associated with the short LOS group (all p<0.001). BMI, primary diagnosis, and socioeconomic status showed no significant differences. Short LOS patients were also noted to have few comorbidities, family at home, and independent transport.


Younger age, male gender, and lower ASA grade are associated with early discharge following THA, and could be used to identify patients suitable for early discharge.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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