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Gesundheitswesen. 2018 Nov;80(11):1006-1012. doi: 10.1055/s-0043-117734. Epub 2017 Oct 11.

[Current Research Activities on Person-Centered Medicine in Academic Institutes of General Practice in Germany and Austria].

[Article in German; Abstract available in German from the publisher]

Author information

1
Integrative Gesundheitsförderung, Hochschule fur angewandte Wissenschaften Coburg, Coburg.
2
Institut für Allgemeinmedizin, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, München.
3
Institut für Allgemeinmedizin und evidenzbasierte Versorgungsforschung, Medizinische Universität Graz, Graz, Österreich.
4
Klinik für Medizinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie, Medizinische Universität Graz, Graz, Österreich.
5
Department of Psychology, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, United States.
6
Department of Psychology, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
7
Luther College, Decorah, United States.
8
Klinik und Poliklinik für Orthopädie, Physikalische Medizin und Rehabilitation, Klinikum der Universität München.

Abstract

in English, German

AIM OF STUDY:

Person-centered medicine (PCM) with its focus on humanistic-biographical-oriented medicine and integrated, positive-salutogenic health is a central aspect in the patient-physician relationship in general practice. The objective of this analysis is to assess the prevalence and type of research project in academic institutions of general practice in Germany (Ger) and Austria (At) and the thematic priorities of the projects in the areas PCM, health promotion (HP), prevention (PRE) and conventional medicine (CM).

METHODS:

A search was conducted (September-December 2015) on the websites of 30 institutes and divisions of general medicine for their current research projects. The retrieved projects were assigned to five categories: PCM, HP, PRE, CM and others. Subsequently, we identified the targeted patient groups of the projects as well as the thematic focus in the categories PCM, HP, PRE and CM with focus on PCM and HP.

RESULTS:

541 research projects were identified, 452 in Germany and 89 in Austria. Research projects were only included if they were explicitly indicated as research-oriented. Seventy projects addressed PCM aspects, 15 projects HP aspects, 32 projects PRE aspects and 396 projects CM aspects. The most frequently target groups in the categories PCM (24 of 70) and HP (7 of 15) were chronically ill patients. The most common thematic focus in PCM was communication (13 of 70) and in HP, physical activity (6 of 15).

CONCLUSION:

The vast majority of research projects investigated conventional medical topics. The percentage of research activities in the field of PCM (13%) or PCM including HP (16%) in Ger and At is below the European average of 20%. From our point of view, PCM and HP need to be implemented to a greater extent in general practice.

PMID:
29020704
DOI:
10.1055/s-0043-117734
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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