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Nat Biotechnol. 2017 Oct 11;35(10):926-935. doi: 10.1038/nbt.3974.

Surge in insect resistance to transgenic crops and prospects for sustainability.

Author information

1
Department of Entomology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA.

Abstract

Transgenic crops have revolutionized insect pest control, but their effectiveness has been reduced by evolution of resistance in pests. We analyzed global monitoring data reported during the first two decades of transgenic crops, with each case representing the responses of one pest species in one country to one insecticidal protein from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt). The cases of pest resistance to Bt crystalline (Cry) proteins produced by transgenic crops increased from 3 in 2005 to 16 in 2016. By contrast, in 17 other cases there was no decrease in pest susceptibility to Bt crops, including the recently introduced transgenic corn that produces a Bt vegetative insecticidal protein (Vip). Recessive inheritance of pest resistance has favored sustained susceptibility, but even when inheritance is not recessive, abundant refuges of non-Bt host plants have substantially delayed resistance. These insights may inform resistance management strategies to increase the durability of current and future transgenic crops.

PMID:
29020006
DOI:
10.1038/nbt.3974
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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