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Ann Surg Oncol. 2017 Dec;24(13):3811-3817. doi: 10.1245/s10434-017-6114-x. Epub 2017 Oct 10.

Institutional Experience with Ostomies Created During Cytoreductive Surgery and Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemoperfusion.

Author information

1
Division of Surgical Oncology, Koch Regional Perfusion Center, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.
2
The University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute Biostatistics Facility, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.
3
Division of Surgical Oncology, Koch Regional Perfusion Center, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. choudrymh@upmc.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemoperfusion (CRS-HIPEC) is a complex procedure that often requires ostomy creation to protect high-risk anastomoses. This study aimed to evaluate the authors' institutional experience with CRS-HIPEC-associated ostomies, determine predictors of ostomy creation and reversal, and assess their impact on survival.

METHODS:

The study analyzed clinicopathologic, perioperative, and oncologic data from a prospective database of 1435 CRS-HIPEC procedures for peritoneal metastases. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate survival. Multivariate analyses identified associations with ostomy creation/reversal and survival.

RESULTS:

Ostomies were created in 34% of the patients, most commonly loop ileostomies (82%). Loop ileostomies were reversed in the majority of patients (83%), whereas non-loop ileostomies were infrequently reversed (< 10% reversal rate). In a multivariate logistic regression model, intermediate or high tumor grade, colectomy/proctectomy, longer operative time, and lower Charlson comorbidity index were associated with loop ileostomy creation, whereas incomplete macroscopic resection, colorectal histology, and major postoperative complications were associated with non-reversal of loop ileostomy. In a multivariate Cox proportional hazards model, intermediate or high tumor grade and non-reversal of loop ileostomy were associated with worse overall survival.

CONCLUSIONS:

Loop ileostomies were almost always reversed, whereas non-loop ileostomies were almost always permanent. Hospital readmissions for loop ileostomy-related complications were common. Therefore, formal outpatient protocols for prevention and management should be implemented. Non-reversal of loop ileostomy was associated with very poor survival.

PMID:
29019111
DOI:
10.1245/s10434-017-6114-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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