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Neuropeptides. 1988 Jul;12(1):43-7.

Occurrence of pyroglutamyl peptidase II, a specific TRH degrading enzyme in rabbit retinal membranes and in human retinoblastoma cells.

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Department of Pharmacology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029.


Pyroglutamyl peptidase II, a highly specific thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH)-degrading enzyme is found in highest concentration in brain where it is localized to synaptic membranes. Retina contains relatively high concentrations of both immunoreactive TRH and TRH receptors. We report that the specific activity of pyroglutamyl peptidase II in rabbit retinal membranes exceeds that of all non-CNS tissues thus far studied. Nine clonal cell lines were screened for this enzymatic activity. The specific activity of pyroglutamyl peptidase II in Y79 retinoblastoma cells was greater than the highest activity found in other cell lines by approximately one order of magnitude. These studies further support a functional relationship between pyroglutamyl peptidase II and TRH and identify a cell line suitable for studies on the regulation of this enzyme.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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