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Gene. 1988 Jun 15;66(1):107-20.

Nucleotide sequence of the gene coding for a 130-kDa mosquitocidal protein of Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis.

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Agricultural Products Department, DuPont Company, Wilmington, DE 19898.


The nucleotide sequence of pVB131 containing the gene coding for a 130-kDa Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis (B.t.isr) mosquitocidal protein was determined. The pVB131 plasmid was constructed by Sekar and Carlton [Gene 33 (1985) 151-158]. Our sequencing revealed only one open reading frame large enough to code for a protein of 130 kDa. The translation start site was determined by sequencing the protein isolated from B.t.isr. The amino acid sequence of the protein was deduced from the nucleotide sequence, and its Mr was determined as 128,505. Immunological and biochemical analyses of B.t.isr mosquitocidal proteins indicated that the 130-kDa protein coded by pVB131 was indeed expressed in B.t.isr. Comparing the peptide sequence of the 130-kDa B.t.isr toxin with the sequences of other B.t. toxins having activities specific to lepidopteran species showed that several domains were highly homologous. This suggests that they are evolutionarily related to each other, and in the evolutionary process the sequences in the homologous domains that are important to the insecticidal activity have been conserved.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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