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Lancet. 1988 Aug 27;2(8609):467-70.

Safety, immunogenicity, and efficacy of recombinant live oral cholera vaccines, CVD 103 and CVD 103-HgR.

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Department of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore.


The genes encoding the A (toxic) subunit of cholera toxin were deleted from pathogenic Vibrio cholerae O1 strain 569B by recombinant techniques, leaving intact production of immunogenic, non-toxic B subunit. The resultant strain, CVD 103, evaluated for safety, immunogenicity, and efficacy as a live oral vaccine, was highly attenuated and elicited strong antibacterial and antitoxic immune responses; a single dose significantly protected volunteers against challenge with pathogenic V cholerae O1 of either serotype or biotype. A further derivative, CVD 103-HgR, which has an Hg++-resistance gene to differentiate it from wild-type vibrios, was also well-tolerated, immunogenic, and protective; moreover, faecal excretion of this derivative was significantly lower than that of CVD 103, which should minimise environmental spread of the vaccine. CVD 103-HgR is a candidate for expanded clinical trials in endemic areas.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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