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J Vis Exp. 2017 Sep 25;(127). doi: 10.3791/56231.

Technique of Minimally Invasive Transverse Aortic Constriction in Mice for Induction of Left Ventricular Hypertrophy.

Author information

1
Institute of Veterinary Physiology and Zurich Center for Integrative Human Physiology (ZIHP), University of Zurich; reza.tavakoli@uzh.ch.
2
Institute of Veterinary Physiology and Zurich Center for Integrative Human Physiology (ZIHP), University of Zurich; Laboratoire d'Innovation Thérapeutique, UMR7200, Université de Strasbourg - CNRS.
3
Department of Cardiology, Canton Hospital Lucerne.
4
Institute of Veterinary Physiology and Zurich Center for Integrative Human Physiology (ZIHP), University of Zurich.
5
Laboratoire d'Innovation Thérapeutique, UMR7200, Université de Strasbourg - CNRS.

Abstract

Transverse aortic constriction (TAC) in mice is one of the most commonly used surgical techniques for experimental investigation of pressure overload-induced left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and its progression to heart failure. In the majority of the reported investigations, this procedure is performed with intubation and ventilation of the animal which renders it demanding and time-consuming and adds to the surgical burden to the animal. The aim of this protocol is to describe a simplified technique of minimally invasive TAC without intubation and ventilation of mice. Critical steps of the technique are emphasized in order to achieve low mortality and high efficiency in inducing LVH. Male C57BL/6 mice (10-week-old, 25-30 g, n=60) were anesthetized with a single intraperitoneal injection of a mixture of ketamine and xylazine. In a spontaneously breathing animal following a 3-4 mm upper partial sternotomy, a segment of 6/0 silk suture threaded through the eye of a ligation aid was passed under the aortic arch and tied over a blunted 27-gauge needle. Sham-operated animals underwent the same surgical preparation but without aortic constriction. The efficacy of the procedure in inducing LVH is attested by a significant increase in the heart/body weight ratio. This ratio is obtained at days 3, 7, 14 and 28 after surgery (n = 6 - 10 in each group and each time point). Using our technique, LVH is observed in TAC compared to sham animals from day 7 through day 28. Operative and late (over 28 days) mortalities are both very low at 1.7%. In conclusion, our cost-effective technique of minimally invasive TAC in mice carries very low operative and post-operative mortalities and is highly efficient in inducing LVH. It simplifies the operative procedure and reduces the strain put on the animal. It can be easily performed by following the critical steps described in this protocol.

PMID:
28994784
DOI:
10.3791/56231
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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