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Scand J Caring Sci. 2017 Oct 10. doi: 10.1111/scs.12535. [Epub ahead of print]

Ethical considerations when conducting joint interviews with close relatives or family: an integrative review.

Author information

1
Department of Clinical Research, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
2
Department of Nursing Education and Health Sciences Research Center, University College Lillebaelt, Vejle, Denmark.
3
Karolinska Institutet, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Huddinge, Sweden.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Researchers are obligated to do no harm to participants of research. Conflicts in relationships can cause negative well-being; therefore, insight is needed into the particular ethical considerations that arise when conducting joint interviews with close relatives or family members simultaneously in the healthcare setting.

AIM:

To collect and share knowledge related to ethical considerations conducting joint interviews.

DESIGN AND METHODS:

A literature review inspired by the integrative review method was performed. Data were retrieved through a structured search in PubMed, CINAHL and the Philosopher's Index and Academic Search Premier for articles published in English from 1980 to 2016 and included 18 articles, of a possible 2153. Article content was assessed line-by-line, and ethical considerations were extracted and organized in three subgroups regarding: Planning joint interviews; Conduction joint interviews and Reporting on joint interviews Findings: Participants should be offered the best terms for a constructive, on-going relationship after the joint interview has ended. This obligates the researcher to ensure a safe environment during the joint interview and create a delicate balance between the needs of the participants, using nonconfrontational techniques that foster equal and neutral but dedicated attention to all parties, before, during and after the joint interviews.

CONCLUSION:

Specific ethical considerations should be taken into account before, during and after joint interviewing. Further research is needed before a final conclusion can be drawn.

KEYWORDS:

ethics; families; integrative review; joint interviews; methodology; qualitative research; relationships

PMID:
28994460
DOI:
10.1111/scs.12535

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