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Mol Cancer Res. 2018 Jan;16(1):103-114. doi: 10.1158/1541-7786.MCR-17-0146. Epub 2017 Oct 9.

A Large-Scale RNAi Screen Identifies SGK1 as a Key Survival Kinase for GBM Stem Cells.

Author information

1
Sackler School of Graduate Biomedical Sciences and Department of Developmental, Molecular and Chemical Biology, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts.
2
Sackler School of Graduate Biomedical Sciences and Department of Developmental, Molecular and Chemical Biology, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts. brent.cochran@tufts.edu.

Abstract

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common type of primary malignant brain cancer and has a very poor prognosis. A subpopulation of cells known as GBM stem-like cells (GBM-SC) have the capacity to initiate and sustain tumor growth and possess molecular characteristics similar to the parental tumor. GBM-SCs are known to be enriched in hypoxic niches and may contribute to therapeutic resistance. Therefore, to identify genetic determinants important for the proliferation and survival of GBM stem cells, an unbiased pooled shRNA screen of 10,000 genes was conducted under normoxic as well as hypoxic conditions. A number of essential genes were identified that are required for GBM-SC growth, under either or both oxygen conditions, in two different GBM-SC lines. Interestingly, only about a third of the essential genes were common to both cell lines. The oxygen environment significantly impacts the cellular genetic dependencies as 30% of the genes required under hypoxia were not required under normoxic conditions. In addition to identifying essential genes already implicated in GBM such as CDK4, KIF11, and RAN, the screen also identified new genes that have not been previously implicated in GBM stem cell biology. The importance of the serum and glucocorticoid-regulated kinase 1 (SGK1) for cellular survival was validated in multiple patient-derived GBM stem cell lines using shRNA, CRISPR, and pharmacologic inhibitors. However, SGK1 depletion and inhibition has little effect on traditional serum grown glioma lines and on differentiated GBM-SCs indicating its specific importance in GBM stem cell survival.Implications: This study identifies genes required for the growth and survival of GBM stem cells under both normoxic and hypoxic conditions and finds SGK1 as a novel potential drug target for GBM. Mol Cancer Res; 16(1); 103-14. ©2017 AACR.

PMID:
28993509
PMCID:
PMC5752570
DOI:
10.1158/1541-7786.MCR-17-0146
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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