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PLoS One. 2017 Oct 9;12(10):e0184944. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0184944. eCollection 2017.

The presence and severity of cerebral small vessel disease increases the frequency of stroke in a cohort of patients with large artery occlusive disease.

Nam KW1,2, Kwon HM1,2, Lim JS1,3, Han MK4, Nam H1,2, Lee YS1,2.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
2
Department of Neurology, Seoul Metropolitan Government-Seoul National University Boramae Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.
3
Department of Neurology, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Anyang, Korea.
4
Department of Neurology, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Cerebral small vessel disease (SVD) commonly coexists with large artery atherosclerosis (LAA).

AIM:

We evaluate the effect of SVD on stroke recurrence in patients for ischemic stroke with LAA.

METHODS:

We consecutively collected first-ever ischemic stroke patients who were classified as LAA mechanism between Jan 2010 and Dec 2013. Univariate and multivariate Cox analyses were performed to evaluate the association between the 2-year recurrence and demographic, clinical, and radiological factors. To evaluate the impact of SVD and its components on recurrent stroke, we used the Kaplan-Meier analysis. SVD was defined as the presence of severe white matter hyperintensity (WMH) or old lacunar infarction (OLI) or cerebral microbleeds (CMB). We also compared frequency and burden of SVD among recurrent stroke groups with different mechanisms.

RESULTS:

Among a total of 956 participants, 92 patients had recurrent events. Recurrence group showed a higher frequency of severe WMH, OLI, asymptomatic territorial infarction, and severe stenosis on the relevant vessel in multivariate analysis. The impact of SVD and its components on recurrent stroke was significant in any ischemic recurrent stroke, and the presence of SVD was continuously important in stroke recurrence regardless of its mechanism, including recurrent LAA stroke, recurrent small vessel occlusion stroke, and even recurrent cardioembolic stroke. Additionally, the recurrence rate increased in dose-response manner with the increased number of SVD components.

CONCLUSIONS:

Cerebral SVD is associated with recurrent stroke in patients with LAA. Additionally, it may affect any mechanisms of recurrent stroke and even with a dose response manner.

PMID:
28991905
PMCID:
PMC5633141
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0184944
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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