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J Neurochem. 1988 Aug;51(2):572-8.

Predicted amino acid sequence of bovine tyrosine hydroxylase and its similarity to tyrosine hydroxylases from other species.

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Department of Neurochemistry, Max-Planck-Institute for Psychiatry, Martinsried, F.R.G.


The previously obtained cDNAs coding for bovine tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) mRNA (mRNATH) were further analyzed, and the entire nucleotide sequence was determined. The mRNATH consists of 1,706 nucleotides with an open reading frame for 491 amino acids, which corresponds to a calculated molecular weight of 55,011. The predicted amino acid sequence of bovine TH is compared with that of rat TH and shows a similarity of 66% in the amino terminal (amino acids 1-157) and 91% in the carboxy terminal (amino acids 158-491) region of the TH protein molecule. The carboxy terminal region has been shown to make up the catalytic site of TH and, therefore, is conserved to a greater extent in different species than the amino terminal region, which has been shown to be mainly responsible for the regulation of the catalytic activity of TH. Three of the four serine residues (Ser 8, 19, and 40) that have been shown to be substrates for various protein kinases in rat TH are also present in bovine TH and are located near the amino terminal end of the molecule. The amino acids from position 60 to position 66 of rat TH are not present in bovine TH, resulting in the absence of a predicted hydrophobic region as compared with rat TH. This difference could result in an altered degree of regulation by posttranslational phosphorylation and also association to cell organelle membranes of bovine TH as compared with rat TH.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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