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Adv Biomed Res. 2017 Sep 21;6:121. doi: 10.4103/abr.abr_249_16. eCollection 2017.

Which Components of Metabolic Syndrome have a Greater Effect on Mortality, CVA and Myocardial Infarction, Hyperglycemia, High Blood Pressure or Both?

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1
Department of Cardiology, Sedigheh Tahereh Cardiovascular Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This study aims to evaluate the incidence of stroke, ischemic heart disease (IHD), and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality in clusters containing hypertension (HTN), clusters containing diabetes (diabetes mellitus [DM]), cluster with both HTN, DM, and cluster without HTN, DM in patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS).

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The association between MetS and outcomes was examined in 2257 patients with MetS that were divided into four groups includes patients with MetS with hyperglycemia (Cluster 1), patients with MetS with HTN (Cluster 2), patients with MetS with HTN and hyperglycemia (Cluster 3) and patients with MetS without HTN and hyperglycemia (Cluster 4). To assess the risk ratio and incidence of CVA, myocardial infarction, and mortality with the use multivariate Cox proportional hazards models.

RESULTS:

As it shown the lowest prevalence of events was in Cluster 1 and against in Cluster 3 the prevalence of stroke with 34 (38.2%) cases and the prevalence of IHD and CVD mortality in Cluster 2 with, respectively, 168 (54.7%) and 51 patients (49%) had the most frequencies (P < 0.001), and hence that the lowest prevalence of events was seen in Cluster 1, but stroke in Cluster 3 with 34 cases (38.2%) and the prevalence of IHD and CVD mortality in Cluster 2, respectively, with 168 (54.7%) and 51 patients (49%) had the most frequencies (P < 0.001).

CONCLUSION:

More intensive changes in lifestyle and management protocols may be required in these patients for controlling the components of the syndrome, with the aim of preventing not only type II diabetes and CVD but also ischemic cerebrovascular events.

KEYWORDS:

Blood pressure; cardiovascular disease; diabetes mellitus; metabolic syndrome; mortality; myocardial infarction

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