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Indian Pediatr. 2017 Sep 15;54(9):757-762.

Neonatal Endocrine Labomas - Pitfalls and Challenges in Reporting Neonatal Hormonal Reports.

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1
Division of Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, Gandhi Medical College (GMC) and Hamidia Hospital, Bhopal; and Departments of Endocrinology, *Venkateshwar Hospitals, Dwarka, #Maharaja Agrasen Hospital, and $Kalpravriksh Superspeciality Clinic, Dwarka; New Delhi; India. Correspondence to: Dr. Deep Dutta, Department of Endocrinology, Venkateshwar Hospitals, Sector 18A, Dwarka, New Delhi, India. deepdutta2000@yahoo.com.

Abstract

This review highlights pitfalls and challenges in interpreting neonatal hormone reports. Pre-analytical errors contribute to nearly 50% of all errors. Modern chemiluminescence assay are more accurate, have lower risk of Hook's effect, but continue to have problems of assay interference. Liquid chromatography mass spectroscopy is gold standard for most hormone assays. Neonatal hypoglycemia diagnostic cut-offs are lower than adults. Random growth hormone testing is of value in diagnosing growth hormone deficiency in neonates. 17-hydroxy-progesterone testing in first three days of life for congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) remains a challenge due to cross-reactivity with maternal circulating steroids, prematurity and lack of adrenal maturation. Both T4 and TSH testing is encouraged after 48 hours of delivery for diagnosing neonatal hypothyroidism; repeat testing should be done immediately for confirmation of diagnosis. There is an urgent need to develop age- sex- and ethnicity-based normative data for different hormone parameters in neonates. Laboratory should develop their own neonatal references and avoid using ranges from manufacturers. In neonatal endocrinopathies, the clinical scenario should primarily dictate the treatment formulation with hormonal assay to supplement treatment.

PMID:
28984256
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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