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Matern Child Nutr. 2017 Oct 6. doi: 10.1111/mcn.12539. [Epub ahead of print]

Two-year follow-up of a postpartum weight loss intervention: Results from a randomized controlled trial.

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Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Nutrition, The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Department of Nutrition, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.


We recently reported that a 12-week diet intervention among postpartum women produced a weight loss of 12% after 1 year, compared to 5% in controls. Here, we present 2-year results after 1 year of unsupervised follow-up. In total, 110 women with a self-reported body mass index of ≥27 kg/m2 at 6-15-week postpartum were randomized to diet group (D-group) or control group (C-group). D-group received a 12-week diet intervention by a dietitian followed by monthly e-mails up to the 1-year follow-up. C-group received a brochure on healthy eating. No contact was provided from 1 to 2 years to either group. Eighty-nine women (81%) completed the 2-year follow-up. Median (1st; 3rd quartile) weight change from 0 to 2 years was -6.9 (-11.0; -2.2) kg in D-group and -4.3 (-8.7; -0.2) kg in C-group. There was no group by time interaction at 2 years (p = .082); however, when women with a new pregnancy between 1 and 2 years were excluded, the interaction became significant (-8.2 vs. -4.6 kg, p = .038). From 1 to 2 years, women in D- and C-group gained 2.5 ± 5.0 kg and 1.1 ± 4.4 kg, respectively (p = .186). Women who gained weight from 1 to 2 years reported a decrease in self-weighing frequency compared to women who maintained or lost weight (p = .008). Both groups achieved clinically relevant 2-year weight loss, but the significant between-group-difference observed at 1 year was not maintained at 2 years in the main analysis. However, when women with a new pregnancy between 1 and 2 years were excluded, a significant weight loss effect was observed also at 2 years.


RCT; obesity; overweight; postpartum; weight loss; weight loss maintenance

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