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FEMS Microbiol Rev. 2017 Sep 1;41(5):698-722. doi: 10.1093/femsre/fux020.

Structure, function and regulation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa porins.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Microbiology Signals and Microenvironment LMSM EA 4312, University of Rouen, Normandy University, 27000 Evreux, France.
2
IUEM, Laboratoire de Biotechnologie et Chimie Marines EA 3884, Université de Bretagne-Sud (UEB), 56321 Lorient, France.

Abstract

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a Gram-negative bacterium belonging to the γ-proteobacteria. Like other members of the Pseudomonas genus, it is known for its metabolic versatility and its ability to colonize a wide range of ecological niches, such as rhizosphere, water environments and animal hosts, including humans where it can cause severe infections. Another particularity of P. aeruginosa is its high intrinsic resistance to antiseptics and antibiotics, which is partly due to its low outer membrane permeability. In contrast to Enterobacteria, pseudomonads do not possess general diffusion porins in their outer membrane, but rather express specific channel proteins for the uptake of different nutrients. The major outer membrane 'porin', OprF, has been extensively investigated, and displays structural, adhesion and signaling functions while its role in the diffusion of nutrients is still under discussion. Other porins include OprB and OprB2 for the diffusion of glucose, the two small outer membrane proteins OprG and OprH, and the two porins involved in phosphate/pyrophosphate uptake, OprP and OprO. The remaining nineteen porins belong to the so-called OprD (Occ) family, which is further split into two subfamilies termed OccD (8 members) and OccK (11 members). In the past years, a large amount of information concerning the structure, function and regulation of these porins has been published, justifying why an updated review is timely.

KEYWORDS:

Pseudomonas aeruginosa; outer membrane; porins, OprF; regulation; virulence

PMID:
28981745
DOI:
10.1093/femsre/fux020
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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