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Cell Death Dis. 2017 Oct 5;8(10):e3069. doi: 10.1038/cddis.2017.466.

Secretory stressors induce intracellular death receptor accumulation to control apoptosis.

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Metabolism and Signaling in Cancer, BioMed X Innovation Center, Im Neuenheimer Feld 583, Heidelberg 69120, Germany.
Merck Serono TA Oncology, Merck KGaA, Frankfurter Str. 250, Darmstadt D-64293, Germany.


Disruption of the Golgi apparatus can induce a distinct form of programmed cell death that has not been thoroughly characterized. We found that pharmacological application of Golgi stress leads to induction of death receptors (DRs) 4 and 5. DR4 appears to be primarily responsible for the initiation of cell death downstream of Golgi stress, whereas DR5 seems to be more important for cell death triggered by endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in specific cancer cell lines. DR induction downstream of either Golgi or ER stress mainly causes intracellular accumulation of DR4 presumably at the Golgi, rather than increased expression on the cell surface. Nevertheless, cells treated with secretory pathway stressors displayed an increased susceptibility to TRAIL (tumor necrosis factor related apoptosis inducing ligand), the endogenous ligand of DR4/5, probably due to intracellular sequestration of the caspase-8 regulator CFLAR (caspase-8 and FADD-like apoptosis regulator). These findings have implications for the treatment of cancer with DR agonists and our general understanding of DR signaling while highlighting the role of the Golgi apparatus as a cell death signaling platform.

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