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Braz J Cardiovasc Surg. 2017 Jul-Aug;32(4):295-300. doi: 10.21470/1678-9741-2016-0038.

Effect of Different Levels of Peep on Oxygenation during Non-Invasive Ventilation in Patients Submitted to CABG Surgery: Randomized Clinical Trial.

Author information

1
Escola Bahiana de Medicina e Saúde Pública (EBMSP), Salvador, BA, Brazil.
2
Faculdade Nobre (FAN), Feira de Santana, BA, Brazil.
3
Instituto Nobre de Cardiologia (INCARDIO), Feira de Santana, BA, Brazil.
4
Santa Casa de Misericórdia de Feira de Santana, Feira de Santana, BA, Brazil.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

During and after coronary artery bypass grafting, a decline in multifactor lung function is observed. Due to this fact, some patients may benefit from non-invasive ventilation after extubation targeting lung expansion and consequently improved oxygenation.

OBJECTIVE:

To test the hypothesis that higher levels of positive end expiration pressure during non-invasive ventilation improves oxygenation in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting.

METHODS:

A randomized clinical trial was conducted at Instituto Nobre de Cardiologia in Feira de Santana. On the first day after surgery, the patients were randomized: Group PEEP 10, Group PEEP 12 and Group PEEP 15 who underwent non-invasive ventilation with positive end expiration pressure level. All patients were submitted to analysis blood pressure oxygen (PaO2), arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2) and oxygenation index (PaO2/FiO2).

RESULTS:

Thirty patients were analyzed, 10 in each group, with 63.3% men with a mean age of 61.1±12.2 years. Mean pulmonary expansion pre-therapy PaO2 was generally 121.9±21.6 to 136.1±17.6 without statistical significance in the evaluation among the groups. This was also present in PaO2/FiO2 and SaO2. Statistical significance was only present in pre and post PEEP 15 when assessing the PaO2 and SaO2 (P=0.02).

CONCLUSION:

Based on the findings of this study, non-invasive ventilation with PEEP 15 represented an improvement in oxygenation levels of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting.

PMID:
28977202
PMCID:
PMC5613715
DOI:
10.21470/1678-9741-2016-0038
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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