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South Asian J Cancer. 2017 Jul-Sep;6(3):132-133. doi: 10.4103/2278-330X.214584.

A comparative study of bloodstream infections in acute myeloid leukemia according to different phases of treatment: Can we predict the organism?

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Department of Medical and Pediatric Oncology, Gujarat Cancer and Research Institute Regional Cancer Center, B.J. Medical College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.



The treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) consists of induction therapy with anthracyclines and cytarabine followed by two to four cycles of consolidation therapy with high-dose cytarabine after achieving remission. There have been very few studies comparing infections during induction and consolidation. We have analyzed blood cultures of patients with AML during episodes of fever occurring during induction and consolidation, for comparing the bloodstream infections in both the phases.


Blood cultures of patients during febrile episodes were collected from central venous catheters and peripheral blood, both during induction and consolidation therapy of AML.


The study population included 52 AML patients. During induction, there were 52 episodes of fever and 25 (48%) blood cultures were positive, 15 of these blood cultures reported Gram-negative organisms, 9 reported Gram-positive organisms and 1 as yeast. During consolidation, 47 episodes of fever were recorded and blood cultures were positive in 12, of which 7 were Gram-negative, 5 were Gram-positive.


The incidence of blood culture positive infections during therapy of AML at our center was higher. The predominant organism isolated was Gram-negative both during induction and consolidation. The incidence of blood culture positive infections had decreased by 50% during consolidation.


Acute myeloid leukemia; consolidation; induction

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