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Genet Mol Res. 2017 Sep 21;16(3). doi: 10.4238/gmr16039723.

Genetic control of number of flowers and pod set in common bean.

Author information

1
Departamento de Genética, Escola Superior de Agricultura "Luiz de Queiroz", , , Brasil emanoelmartins92@hotmail.com.
2
Departamento de Biologia, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Lavras, MG, Brasil.
3
Embrapa Arroz e Feijão, , Brasil.

Abstract

This article aimed to study the genetic control of some flowers and pod set of common bean and to verify if its estimate varies with environmental conditions and gene pool. A complete diallel was used among six lines, but no reciprocal ones. The treatments were evaluated in three harvests/generations - F2, F3, and F4 - in 2015/2016, in a randomized complete block design with four replications. The plot consisted of 3 lines with 4 m. In the center line, a receptacle to collect the aborted flowers/pods was placed. The traits considered were the number of flowers/plant (N), the percentage of pod set (V), and the production of grain/plant (W). A joint diallel analysis was performed, and the correlations between N, V, ​​and W were estimated. N was 31.9 on average, and V was 40.4%. The average of Mesoamerican parents, for N and V, was higher than for Andean. Specific combining ability explained most of the variation for N, evidencing predominance of dominance effect. For V, specific combining ability was slightly lower than general combining ability, indicating additive loci and also dominance effects. These two traits were very influenced by environment and should be considered a strategy for greater grain yield stability of common bean.

PMID:
28973726
DOI:
10.4238/gmr16039723
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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