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Br J Cancer. 2017 Nov 21;117(11):1592-1599. doi: 10.1038/bjc.2017.330. Epub 2017 Oct 3.

A Phase 1 study of ARQ 087, an oral pan-FGFR inhibitor in patients with advanced solid tumours.

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South Texas Accelerated Research Therapeutics, 4383 Medical Drive, San Antonio, TX 78229, USA.
Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University, 1365-C Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA.
Karmanos Cancer Institute, 4206-4th Floor HWCRC, 4100 John R, Detroit, MI 48201, USA.
Virginia G. Piper Cancer Center, Scottsdale Healthcare, 10460N 92nd Street, Scottsdale, AZ 85258, USA.
ArQule, Inc. One Wall Street, Burlington, MA 01803, USA.



ARQ 087 is an orally administered pan-FGFR inhibitor with multi-kinase activity. This Phase 1 study evaluated safety, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of ARQ 087 and defined the recommended Phase 2 dose (RP2D).


Patients with advanced solid tumours received ARQ 087 administered initially at 25 mg every other day and dose-escalated from 25 to 425 mg daily (QD) continuous dosing. FGF19, 21, 23, and serum phosphate were assessed as potential biomarkers of target engagement.


80 patients were enrolled, 61 in dose-escalation/food-effect cohorts and 19 with pre-defined tumour types in the expansion cohort. The most common ARQ 087-related adverse events were fatigue (49%), nausea (46%), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) increase (30%), and diarrhoea (23%). Four patients (5%) experienced grade 1 treatment-related hyperphosphataemia. Dose-limiting toxicity was reversible grade 3 AST increase. The RP2D was 300 mg QD. Pharmacokinetics were linear and dose-proportional from 25 to 325 mg QD, and were unaffected by food. Statistically significant changes (P-value<0.05) suggest phosphate and FGF19 levels as markers of target engagement. In 18 evaluable patients with FGFR genetic alterations, 3 confirmed partial responses (two intrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas (iCCA) with FGFR2 fusions and one urothelial cancer with FGFR2 and FGF19 amplification) and two durable stable disease at ⩾16 weeks with tumour reduction (FGFR2 fusion-positive iCCA and adrenocortical carcinoma with FGFR1 amplification) were observed.


ARQ 087 had manageable toxicity at the RP2D of 300 mg QD, showed pharmacodynamics effects, and achieved objective responses, notably in patients with FGFR2 genetic alterations.

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