Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Endocr Res. 2018 Feb;43(1):29-38. doi: 10.1080/07435800.2017.1373662. Epub 2017 Oct 3.

Role of sclerostin and dkk1 in bone remodeling in type 2 diabetic patients.

Wang N1,2, Xue P1,2, Wu X1,2, Ma J1,2, Wang Y1,2, Li Y1,2.

Author information

1
a Department of Endocrinology , The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University , Shijiazhuang , China.
2
b Key Laboratory of Orthopedic Biomechanics of Hebei Province , The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University , Shijiazhuang , China.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

This study aimed to investigate the role of sclerostin and dkk1 in the bone metabolism of type 2 diabetic patients.

METHODS:

This cross-sectional study included 95 inpatients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. We divided the patients into three groups (i.e., the normal bone mineral density (BMD) group, osteopenia group and osteoporosis group) based on their different BMD levels and measured the serum levels of sclerostin, dkk1, 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25OHD3), bone turnover markers and other biochemical data in each group.

RESULTS:

Significantly increased levels of serum sclerostin and dkk1 were found in the osteoporosis group, even when the male and female cohorts were considered separately. Ordinal logistic regression analysis suggested that the levels of serum sclerostin were independently associated with the presence of osteopenia and osteoporosis after adjusting for age, gender and 25OHD3 (sclerostin: OR = 1.02, p = 0.001). The areal BMDs were negatively correlated with the levels of serum sclerostin and dkk1 and positively correlated with 25OHD3. In addition, age, glycosylated hemoglobin and serum sclerostin levels were predictors for N-terminal propeptide of type 1 procollagen and serum dkk1 levels were the only predictors for crosslinked carboxyterminal telopeptide in type 1 collagen.

CONCLUSIONS:

The sclerostin and dkk1 levels increased in conjunction with the reduction of BMD, confirming that the Wnts, inhibited by sclerostin and dkk1, were potentially responsible for bone fragility in type 2 diabetes patients with osteoporosis. Note that the serum sclerostin levels were predictors for bone formation, while the DKK1 levels predicted bone resorption.

KEYWORDS:

Type 2 diabetes mellitus; bone mineral density; bone remodeling; dkk1; sclerostin

PMID:
28972408
DOI:
10.1080/07435800.2017.1373662
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Taylor & Francis
Loading ...
Support Center