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Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2017 Dec;255(12):2437-2442. doi: 10.1007/s00417-017-3809-4. Epub 2017 Oct 3.

Morphometric assessment of normal human ciliary body using ultrasound biomicroscopy.

Author information

1
Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennoudai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-8575, Japan. y-okamoto@md.tsukuba.ac.jp.
2
Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennoudai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-8575, Japan.
3
Department of Ophthalmology, Ryugasaki Saiseikai General Hospital, Ibaraki, Japan.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To quantitatively assess the biometry of the ciliary body in normal human eyes using ultrasound biomicroscopy.

METHODS:

We evaluated 85 eyes of 85 normal subjects (35 men and 50 women), whose age ranged from 11 to 86 years (mean ± SD, 56.8 ± 20.4 years). The eyes were assessed along the 3-, 6-, 9-, and 12-o'clock meridians relative to the center of the cornea. Clinical data were collected, including age, axial length, ciliary body length (CBL), ciliary body thickness (CBT), anterior chamber depth, iris root thickness, trabecular-iris angle, and scleral-ciliary process angle. Axial length was measured using A-scan ultrasonography.

RESULTS:

CBL and CBT tended to be larger in the superior than in the inferior quadrant, but the differences among the four quadrants were not statistically significant. The average CBL showed a significant positive correlation with the average CBT (r = 0.40, P < 0.001). Average CBL and CBT were significantly correlated with axial length (r = 0.33, P = 0.031; r = 0.46, P < 0.01 respectively). In addition, the average CBL was significantly correlated with anterior chamber depth (r = 0.23, P < 0.05), trabecular-iris angle (r = 0.29, P = 0.01), and scleral-ciliary process angle (r = 0.40, P < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS:

Ultrasound biomicroscopic imaging demonstrated that the ciliary body is similar in size in all circumferences, and eyes with longer axial length have an elongated and thicker ciliary body. The values obtained in the present study may serve as standard clinical references.

KEYWORDS:

Ciliary body; Ciliary body length; Ciliary body thickness; Normal subjects; Ultrasound biomicroscopy

PMID:
28971252
DOI:
10.1007/s00417-017-3809-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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