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Indian J Crit Care Med. 2017 Sep;21(9):563-567. doi: 10.4103/ijccm.IJCCM_56_17.

The Association of Psychological Empowerment and Job Burnout in Operational Staff of Tehran Emergency Center.

Author information

1
Department of Management, College of Human Science, Saveh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Saveh, Iran.
2
Health Management and Economics Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3
Department of Medical and Surgical, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Workers in social service professions are the first candidates for job burnout. The researchers believe this is due to daily exposure to stressful situations and lack of positive conditions in the workplace. It seems that psychological empowerment of staff can affect their job burnout. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between psychological empowerment and job burnout in operational staff of emergency center.

METHODS:

This was a descriptive correlational study. A total of 1100 operational staff of emergency center were evaluated, and of which, 285 persons were selected by simple random sampling method. Data were collected using Spritzer's psychological empowerment and Maslach Burnout Inventory questionnaires. SPSS software, version 18, was used for data analysis along with descriptive analytical tests.

RESULTS:

The findings of this study revealed that the majority of units (46%) were in intermediate level in terms of empowerment. Similarly, the majority of cases had intermediate level (77.5%), and a minor percentage (8.4%) had low levels of job burnout. Based on Pearson's correlation test, there was a significant invert correlation between psychological empowerment and job burnout. This inverse and significant relationship was also observed between the four components of psychological empowerment (competence, self-determination, impact, and meaning) and job burnout.

CONCLUSIONS:

According to the results of the study, policy makers and health planners can take some measures in enhancing psychological empowerment to prevent problems associated with job burnout, by identifying stressors and strategies to deal with them.

KEYWORDS:

Emergency staff; job burnout; psychological empowerment

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