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Indian J Anaesth. 2017 Sep;61(9):721-727. doi: 10.4103/ija.IJA_378_17.

Valvular heart disease and anaesthesia.

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Department of Cardiac Anaesthesiology, Narayana Institute of Cardiac Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.


Valvular heart disease presents as mixed spectrum lesion in healthcare settings in the third-world and developing countries. Rheumatic heart disease still forms the bulk of the aetiopathology of valve lesions. Mitral and aortic valve lesions top the list of valvular pathology. A thorough understanding of the pathophysiology of valvular heart disease is essential while planning anaesthesia and perioperative care for such patients. Meticulous use of optimal fluids, close monitoring of the changing haemodynamics and avoidance of situations that can cause major reduction of cardiac output and fluid shifts are mandatory to achieve good clinical outcome. We searched MEDLINE using combinations of the following: anaesthesia, aortic, mitral, regurgitation, stenosis and valvular heart disease. We also hand searched textbooks and articles on valvular heart disease and anaesthesia. This article mainly focuses on the understanding the pathophysiology of valvular heart disease in patients presenting for non-cardiac surgeries in secondary and tertiary care setting.


Anaesthesia; aortic; mitral; regurgitation; stenosis; valvular heart disease

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