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J Nutr Educ Behav. 2017 Sep 29. pii: S1499-4046(17)30829-1. doi: 10.1016/j.jneb.2017.08.005. [Epub ahead of print]

Factors Affecting Nutrition and Physical Activity Behaviors of Hispanic Families With Young Children: Implications for Obesity Policies and Programs.

Author information

1
Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN. Electronic address: jamiestang@earthlink.net.
2
Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine preferred policies and programs to prevent obesity and diabetes as identified by parents and caregivers of 3- to 5-year-old Latino children.

DESIGN:

Constructs from the Social Ecological Model were used to develop 10 focus group and key informant interview questions.

SETTING:

Community venues and schools in St Paul, MN.

PARTICIPANTS:

A total of 64 parents and caregivers and 20 key informants provided comments.

INTERVENTION(S):

Community-based participatory research methods were used to gather opinions regarding appropriate and preferred methods to prevent obesity and diabetes among Latino youth. Native Spanish-speaking investigators who were members of the community conducted 7 focus groups (60-90 minutes each) and 20 key informant interviews.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Themes and subthemes of preferences based on participant comments.

ANALYSIS:

Transcript-based, long-table qualitative analysis.

RESULTS:

Five themes were identified: (1) cultural beliefs and practices are inconsistent with obesity prevention; (2) cost and convenience; (3) positive parenting practices; (4) we want to learn more about being healthy; and (5) gardens, parks, gyms, and school meals. At least 1 theme fell within each of the social ecological model domains.

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS:

Our results suggest that parents of young Hispanic children prefer that obesity and diabetes prevention programs address multiple levels of influence.

KEYWORDS:

Hispanic; child eating behaviors; child obesity; child obesity prevention; community-based participatory research; diabetes prevention

PMID:
28969899
DOI:
10.1016/j.jneb.2017.08.005
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