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Ann Dermatol. 2017 Oct;29(5):586-596. doi: 10.5021/ad.2017.29.5.586. Epub 2017 Aug 25.

Baumann Skin Type in the Korean Female Population.

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Department of Dermatology, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Korea.
Neopharm Co., Ltd., Daejeon, Korea.
Department of Dermatology, Dankook University Medical College, Cheonan, Korea.
Department of Dermatology, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Department of Dermatology, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea.
Department of Dermatology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Department of Dermatology, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.
Department of Dermatology, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Busan, Korea.
Department of Dermatology, Wonkwang University School of Medicine, Iksan, Korea.



To meet the need for a subspecialized skin type system, the Baumann skin type (BST) system was proposed.


To evaluate the distribution of BST types and influencing factors among Korean women.


BST questionnaires were administered to 1,000 Korean women. The possible responses were as follows: oily (O) or dry (D), sensitive (S) or resistant (R), pigmented (P) or non-pigmented (N), and wrinkled (W) or tight (T). The correlations of the BST with the subjects' age, location, ultraviolet (UV) ray exposure, drinking and smoking habits, and blood type were assessed.


The OSNT, DSNT, DRNT, and OSNW skin types were the most common skin types (55.3%). The O, S, P, and W types accounted for 46.6%, 68.8%, 23.2%, and 31.9%, respectively. The proportion of the O and S type was the highest in Gyeongsangbuk-do (55.0%) and Seoul (77.2%). The proportion of the P and W type was the highest in Gyeongsangbuk-do (33.0%) and Chungcheong-do (39.0%). The O type decreased in the higher age group, whereas the P and W type showed a reversed tendency. In smokers, the proportion of W type was significantly higher than in the non-smokers (66.3% vs. 24.1%, p<0.05).


The 4 most common BST types were OSNT, DSNT, DRNT, and OSNW. In the comparison across the 4 BST parameters according to the age, region, smoking and drinking habits, occupation, blood type, and UV exposure, significant differences were observed. Individualized and customized skin care is required according to the personal skin type.


4 Parameters; Baumann skin type; Korean women; Surveys and questionnaires

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