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Semin Pediatr Surg. 2017 Aug;26(4):213-216. doi: 10.1053/j.sempedsurg.2017.07.005. Epub 2017 Jul 25.

Pediatric lung transplantation.

Author information

1
Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, The Heart Institute, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Avenue, MLC 2004, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229. Electronic address: Roosevelt.BryantIII@cchmc.org.
2
Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, The Heart Institute, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Avenue, MLC 2004, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229.
3
Division of Pulmonology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Abstract

Pediatric lung transplantation is a highly specialized clinical endeavor. Since the late 1980's, there have only been slightly more than 2200 implants reported to the International Society for Heart and Lung transplantation registry. This review will discuss the historical aspects of pediatric lung transplantation. It will familiarize the reader with the current indications for transplant and the referral and listing process. The current state of lung assist devices as a bridge to pediatric lung transplantation is discussed in addition to the technical aspects of the transplant procedure. Finally, posttransplant outcomes, including anticipated morbidity and the role of retransplantation, are clarified.

KEYWORDS:

Cystic fibrosis; ECMO; Lung; Pediatric; Respiratory failure; Transplant

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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