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Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2017 Oct;101:158-163. doi: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2017.08.007. Epub 2017 Aug 9.

The value of intraoperative EABRs in auditory brainstem implantation.

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New York University School of Medicine, NYU Langone Medical Center, United States. Electronic address:
New York University School of Medicine, NYU Langone Medical Center, United States.



To compare the intraoperative electrically evoked auditory brainstem response (EABR) morphologies between neurofibromatosis II (NF2) adult auditory brainstem implant (ABI) recipients who had auditory percepts post-operatively and those who did not and between NF2 adult ABI recipients and non-NF2 pediatric ABI recipients.


This was a retrospective case series at a single tertiary academic referral center examining all ABI recipients from 1994 to 2016, which included 34 NF2 adults and 11 non-NF2 children. The morphologies of intraoperative EABRs were evaluated for the number of waveforms showing a response, the number of positive peaks in those responses, and the latencies of each of these peaks.


27/34 adult NF2 patients and 9/10 children had EABR waveforms. 20/27 (74.0%) of the adult patients and all of the children had ABI devices that stimulated post-operatively. When comparing the waveforms between adults who stimulated and those who did not stimulate, the proportion of total number of intraoperative EABR peaks to total possible peaks was significantly higher for the adults who stimulated than for those who did not (p < 0.05). Children had a significantly higher proportion of total number of peaks to total possible peaks when compared to adults who stimulated (p < 0.02). Additionally, there were more likely to be EABR responses at the initial stimulation than intraoperatively in the pediatric ABI population (p = 0.065).


The value of intraoperative EABR tracing may lie in its ability to predict post-operative auditory percepts based on the placement of the array providing the highest number of total peaks.


ABI; Audiology; Auditory brainstem implantation; CI; Cochlear implant; EABR; Electrically evoked auditory brainstem response; Hearing restoration

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