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Nat Ecol Evol. 2017 Nov;1(11):1683-1692. doi: 10.1038/s41559-017-0309-1. Epub 2017 Sep 18.

Ecosystem accounts define explicit and spatial trade-offs for managing natural resources.

Author information

1
The Fenner School of Environment and Society, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, 0200, Australia. Heather.Keith@anu.edu.au.
2
The Fenner School of Environment and Society, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, 0200, Australia.

Abstract

Decisions about natural resource management are frequently complex and vexed, often leading to public policy compromises. Discord between environmental and economic metrics creates problems in assessing trade-offs between different current or potential resource uses. Ecosystem accounts, which quantify ecosystems and their benefits for human well-being consistent with national economic accounts, provide exciting opportunities to contribute significantly to the policy process. We advanced the application of ecosystem accounts in a regional case study by explicitly and spatially linking impacts of human and natural activities on ecosystem assets and services to their associated industries. This demonstrated contributions of ecosystems beyond the traditional national accounts. Our results revealed that native forests would provide greater benefits from their ecosystem services of carbon sequestration, water yield, habitat provisioning and recreational amenity if harvesting for timber production ceased, thus allowing forests to continue growing to older ages.

PMID:
28963477
DOI:
10.1038/s41559-017-0309-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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