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Carbohydr Polym. 2017 Dec 1;177:1-12. doi: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2017.08.053. Epub 2017 Aug 16.

Biosynthesis of nano cupric oxide on cotton using Seidlitzia rosmarinus ashes utilizing bio, photo, acid sensing and leaching properties.

Author information

1
Department of Textile Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Functional Fibrous Structures & Environmental Enhancement (FFSEE), Tehran, Iran.
2
Department of Textile Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Functional Fibrous Structures & Environmental Enhancement (FFSEE), Amirkabir Nanotechnoloy Research Institute (ANTRI), Tehran, Iran. Electronic address: tex5mm@aut.ac.ir.
3
Skin Research Centre, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

In this research, a facile, rapid and eco-friendly method is introduced for synthesis and loading of cupric oxide on cellulosic chains of cotton fabric with functional properties. Seidlitzia rosmarinus ashes and copper acetate were employed as a natural source of alkaline and metal salt without further chemical materials. The treated samples indicated very good antibacterial activities toward both pathogen Staphylococcus aureus as Gram-positive and Escherichia coli as Gram-negative bacteria. Significant self-cleaning properties against degradation of methylene blue stain under UV irradiation were found. The sensing properties of high concentrated inorganic and organic acids such as sulfuric and formic acids based on colorimetric alterations of the treated fabrics were also confirmed showing acid leaching effects of the treated fabrics. Further, the treated samples showed coloring effects with an enhancement on the physio-mechanical properties including tensile strength, crease recovery angle and hydrophobocity.

KEYWORDS:

Acid leaching; Antibacterial properties; Biosynthesis; Cotton fabric; Cupric oxide nanoparticles; Seidlitzia rosmarinus; Self-cleaning properties

PMID:
28962747
DOI:
10.1016/j.carbpol.2017.08.053
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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