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Cell Physiol Biochem. 2017;43(2):852-869. doi: 10.1159/000481611. Epub 2017 Sep 28.

Resveratrol Enhances Neurite Outgrowth and Synaptogenesis Via Sonic Hedgehog Signaling Following Oxygen-Glucose Deprivation/Reoxygenation Injury.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS:

Neurite outgrowth and synaptogenesis are critical steps for functional recovery after stroke. Resveratrol promotes neurite outgrowth and synaptogenesis, but the underlying mechanism is not well understood, although the Sonic hedgehog (Shh) signaling pathway may be involved. Given that resveratrol activates sirtuin (Sirt)1, the present study examined whether this is mediated by Shh signaling.

METHODS:

Primary cortical neuron cultures were pretreated with drugs before oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R). Cell viability and apoptosis were evaluated with Cell Counting Kit 8 and by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling, respectively. Neurite outgrowth and synaptogenesis were assessed by immunocytochemistry and western blotting, which was also used to examine the expression of Sirt1 and Shh signaling proteins.

RESULTS:

Resveratrol and the Smoothened (Smo) agonist purmophamine, which activates Shh signaling, increased viability, reduced apoptosis, and stimulated neurite outgrowth after OGD/R injury. Moreover, the expression of growth-associated protein(GAP)-43, synaptophysin, Shh, Patched (Ptc)-1, Smo, glioma-associated oncogene homolog (Gli)-1, and Sirt1 were upregulated under these conditions. These effects were reversed by treatment with the Smo inhibitor cyclopamine, whereas the Sirt1 inhibitor sirtinol reduced the levels of Shh, Ptc-1, Smo, and Gli-1.

CONCLUSIONS:

Resveratrol reduces neuronal injury following OGD/R injury and enhances neurite outgrowth and synaptogenesis by activating Shh signaling, which in turn induces Sirt1.

KEYWORDS:

Cyclopamine; Neurite outgrowth; Neuron; Purmophamine; Resveratrol; Sirt1; Sirtinol; Sonic hedgehog signaling; Synaptogenesis

PMID:
28957797
DOI:
10.1159/000481611
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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