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PLoS One. 2017 Sep 28;12(9):e0184930. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0184930. eCollection 2017.

Significance of chronic toxoplasmosis in epidemiology of road traffic accidents in Russian Federation.

Author information

1
Martsinovsky Institute of Medical Parasitology, Tropical and Vector Borne Diseases, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, Russian Federation.
2
Department of Tropical Medicine and Parasitic Diseases, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, Russian Federation.
3
Department of Epidemiology and Evidence-based Medicine, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, Russian Federation.
4
Department of Tropical, Parasitic Diseases and Disinfectology, Russian Medical Academy of Continuous Professional Education, Moscow, Russian Federation.

Abstract

Studies carried out in Moscow residents have revealed that the prevalence of chronic toxoplasmosis is very close to those in countries of Eastern and Central Europe. Our findings also demonstrated a statistically significant relationship between the rate of traffic accidents and the seroprevalence of chronic toxoplasmosis in drivers who were held responsible for accidents. The latter was 2.37 times higher in drivers who were involved in road accidents compared with control groups. These results suggest that the consequences of chronic toxoplasmosis (particularly a slower reaction time and decreased concentration) might contribute to the peculiarities of the epidemiology of road traffic accidents in the Russian Federation and might interfere with the successful implementation of the Federal Programme named "Increase road traffic safety". Suggestions for how to address overcome this problem are discussed in this paper.

PMID:
28957427
PMCID:
PMC5619715
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0184930
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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