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Lasers Med Sci. 2018 Jan;33(1):57-66. doi: 10.1007/s10103-017-2335-2. Epub 2017 Sep 27.

Chemoresistance to 5-FU inhibited by 635 nm LED irradiation in CD133+ KB cell line.

Kim D1,2, Park M1,2, Jang H1, Hyun H3, Lim W4,5,6.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Chosun University Hospital, Gwangju, 61453, South Korea.
2
Laboratory of Orthopedic Research, Chosun University Hospital, Gwangju, 61453, South Korea.
3
Department of Biomedical Sciences, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, 61469, South Korea.
4
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Chosun University Hospital, Gwangju, 61453, South Korea. wonbong@chosun.ac.kr.
5
Laboratory of Orthopedic Research, Chosun University Hospital, Gwangju, 61453, South Korea. wonbong@chosun.ac.kr.
6
Department of Premedical Program, School of Medicine, Chosun University, Gwangju, 61452, South Korea. wonbong@chosun.ac.kr.

Abstract

Consistent with cancer stem cell theory, a small fraction of cancer cells, described as cancer stem cells (CSCs), may promote tumor recurrence and anti-cancer drug resistance. Therefore, much effort has been devoted to the development of CSC targeted therapy to vanquish drug resistance. In this study, we have investigated the effect of multiple light-emitting diode (LED) irradiation treatments with conventional anti-cancer drugs on CSC-like oral cancer cells that acquired stemness by ectopic over expression of CD133. To evaluate combined LED irradiation anti-cancer drug effects, we investigated the chemosensitizing effect of 635 nm irradiation on 5-fluorouracil (5FU)-treated KBCD133+ and KBVec cells, interrogating the underlying molecular mechanisms associated with stemness and apoptosis that are responsible for chemopreventive activity. In addition, combination therapy with LED irradiation and 5-FU treatment was carried out in KBCD133+ and KBVec cell-inoculated mouse models. LED irradiation of 635 nm inhibited CSC-like properties consistent with a decrease in OCT4 and NANOG protein expression, reducing colony-forming ability. In addition, LED irradiation enhanced 5-FU-induced cytotoxicity and improved 5-FU chemosensitivity in KBCD133+ via enhancement of apoptosis. These findings were validated in vivo, wherein LED irradiation combined with 5-FU treatment inhibited tumor growth in KBCD133+-inoculated mice. Collectively, our results provide novel evidence for 635 nm irradiation-induced 5-FU chemosensitization of CSC in oral cancer. In addition, this research highlights that 635 nm LED irradiation may serve as an adjunct treatment to conventional chemotherapeutic drugs in patients with oral cancer.

KEYWORDS:

5-FU; CD133; Cancer stem cell; Chemoresistance

PMID:
28956217
DOI:
10.1007/s10103-017-2335-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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