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J Pak Med Assoc. 2017 Oct;67(10):1567-1573.

The determination of infant feeding attitudes among Turkish mothers using the Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale.

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Nursing Department, Sakarya University Health College.
Faculty of Medicine, Obstetrics and Gynecology Department.
Faculty of Medicine, Department of Biostatistics.
Faculty of School of Nursing Department of Child Health and Diseases, Sakarya University, Sakarya, Turkey.



To assess whether the Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale is a valid and reliable scale for Turkish mothers, and to assess maternal attitudes toward various aspects of infant feeding.


This methodological, analytical study was conducted at the obstetrics and gynaecology department of Sakarya Training and Research Hospital, Sakarya, Turkey, from June to August 2015, and comprised mothers of newborn babies. Data was collected using the Turkish version of Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale. SPSS 23 was used for data analysis.


There were 391 participants in the study. Five items of the original Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale were excluded due to the low correlation with the scale integrity (Cronbach's alpha=0.67). The total mean score of the mothers was 48.11±6.57. A statistically significant difference was found between the educational status, having social security, what the mothers having other children fed these children in the first 6 months and family types (p=0.05 each). Significant difference was also found between the mothers only breastfeeding and the mothers feeding with mother's milk and formula (p=0.008).


The scale was found to be culturally acceptable, reliable and valid scale for Turkish mothers.


Iowa Infant Feeding Scale, Psychometric properties, Infant feeding Maternal attitudes.

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